Although the science of cloning is just beginning, many researchers believe it is only a matter of time before we face an extraordinary situation: missing species that could be brought back to life, walking again on Earth.
To successfully clone such missing animals, scientists need to find intact DNA samples.That is why some species will have more chances to resurrect than others.
For example, recently missing animals that have been preserved (in museums), as well as prehistoric animals, preserved in permafrost, are likely to be brought back to life.
In this article, we present you a list of missing species that, due to the evolution of science, could go back to Earth .
The woolly mammal is one of the most massive animals missing. Researchers at Harvard University say there’s a chance to raise this species by creating a hybrid, wolf-elf Asian elephant embryo.
This creature is sometimes called “mammoth,” The Guardian reports. If cloning were successful, an elephant with mammoth features, such as long fur, small ears and low-temperature blood, would be obtained.
The team of researchers says that in a few years they will be ready to create a “mammoth.”In April 2018, scientists announced that they had isolated and resurrected 44 wool mammalian genes.
They hope the genes can be edited to create hybrid elephants.
“My goal is not to bring back the mammoth, but to bring back the mammoth genes and show that they work,” said Professor George Church of Harvard University.
This is one of the missing species in the 20th century. Tasmanian tiger or “thylacine” was a remarkable animal, originally from Australia, the largest carnivorous marsupiator in modern times.
The animals disappeared in the 1930s, largely due to trophy hunters and low genetic diversity . Because they have disappeared so recently, there are intact specimens stored in museums that may contain DNA traces.
Tasmanian tiger cloning projects are under way, and some of the missing animal genes have been successfully inserted into a mouse genome.
They are part of one of the fiercest species missing. Looking at the giant canines of these fearsome feline cats in Pleistocene, you probably wonder if their resurrection would really be a good idea.
But these animals are good candidates. They have disappeared relatively recently (about 11,000 years ago) and fossilized specimens survived to modern times thanks to the cold habitat in which these animals once lived.
Several intact specimens were recovered from prehistoric catran deposits.
We can relatively easily get DNA samples of this missing species. These giant birds, unable to fly, resembled the emu ostriches and birds but did not have vestigial wings.
Once, Moa were the largest birds on earth. The Moa birds were hunted until extinction only 600 years ago, so their feathers and eggs can still be found relatively intact.
In fact, the Moa bird DNA has been extracted from egg shells and there are already projects that try to resurrect this animal.
When you look at the fossilized remains of this prehistoric creature, you might think they belong to a giant bear! In fact, these missing animals were lazy land, most closely related to the modern lazy three fingers.
These creatures are good candidates for the resurrection, because they have disappeared quite recently. Perhaps these giant lazy men still existed 8,000 years ago when human civilization began to develop.
DNA samples of this missing species have already been extracted from intact hair. The only living relatives of this creature are too small, so a surrogate mother is impossible to find.
And yet, maybe one day the development of a fetus will be possible in an artificial uterus .
Here’s another giant on our list of missing species. The woolly mammoth was not the only hairy, massive creature that harvested tundra during the Pleistocene.
Wool Rinocerus lived in the Arctic area only 10,000 years ago and appears frequently in prehistoric art in caves. Wooly rhinoceros is a good choice for cloning, for the same reasons as the wool mammoth.
Arctic permafrost has found well-preserved specimens.
This is one of the most sympathetic animals missing. Declared “Functionally Missing” in 2006, Baiji Dolphin is the first cetacean missing in modern times, primarily because of man.
Due to recent extinction, Baiji’s dolphin DNA can be extracted from existing remains. As with many missing species, the question arises whether Baiji dolphin would have a habitat to return to after cloning.
That’s because the basin of the Yangtze River, where this dolphin lived, is still very polluted.
Here’s a cousin of the modern man on our list of missing species! The Neanderthal man is perhaps the most controversial species that has disappeared and is eligible for cloning and resurrection, primarily because of logistical means: the surrogate species will be us.
Being the latest missing member of the Homo genre, the Neanderthal man is considered to be a subspecies of modern man. Its cloning is controversial, but it could elucidate many mysteries.
A clone of a Neanderthal man would be a viable option. Scientists have already finished a sketch of the Neanderthal man genome.